Avoiding Refoulement: The Need to Monitor Deported Refused Asylum Seekers (2012, Leana Podeszfa & Charlotte Manicom)

Although the fate of deported asylum seekers remains largely undocumented, a number of organisations have compiled evidence that the human rights of refused asylum seekers are being violated upon return. Deportees are often arrested, put in prison, and tortured. Some are charged with treason; some disappear altogether. Using the example of the United Kingdom, this article argues that such deportations amount to refoulement, and must therefore be monitored. Importantly, more and better documentation of these cases may help influence asylum policies.