CASE OF EXPELLED DOMINICANS AND HAITIANS v. DOMINICAN REPUBLIC (Inter-American Court of Human Rights 2014)

Inter-American Court of Human Rights. 2014. Case of Expelled Dominicans and Haitians v. Dominican Republic.

Submission of the case and synopsis: On July 12, 2012, in accordance with Articles
51 and 61 of the Convention, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
(hereinafter “the Inter-American Commission” or “the Commission”) submitted to the
Court case 12,271 against the State of the Dominican Republic (hereinafter “the State” or
“the Dominican Republic”). According to the Commission, the case relates to the “arbitrary
detention and summary expulsion from the territory of the Dominican Republic” of the
presumed victims who are Haitians and Dominicans of Haitian descent, including children
(infra para. 3.c.i), without following the expulsion procedure set out in domestic law. In
addition, the Commission considered “that a series of obstacles prevented Haitian
immigrants from registering their children born in Dominican territory,” and persons of
Haitian descent born in the Dominican Republic from obtaining Dominican nationality.