Deportation Stigma and Re-migration (Liza Schuster & Nassim Majidi, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, Volume 41, Number 4, 21 March 2015, pp. 635-652(18))

Many, if not most, of those who are forcibly expelled from the country to which they have migrated will not settle in the country to which they have been returned but will leave again. A recent article examined some of the reasons why this should be so. It was argued that in addition to the factors that had caused the original migration, such as fear of persecution, continuing conflict, insecurity, poverty and lack of opportunity, deportation creates at least three additional reasons that make re-migration the most likely outcome. These were debt, family commitments and the shame of failure and or ‘contamination’ leading to stigmatisation. In this article, we explore the stigma of failure and of contamination attached to those deported, and the ways in which they respond to and manage this stigmatisation, including by re-migrating. We use Goffman’s concept of stigma and the refinement offered by to further nuance understanding of the impact of deportation.