The Co-operation on Readmission and Enforced Return in the African-European Context

The Co-operation on Readmission and Enforced Return in the African-European Context (2009, Jean-Pierre Cassarino) Despite the reluctance of most African countries to enter into standard readmission agreements, alternative methods of bilateral co-operation with European countries on enforced return have gained momentum over the last decade. These alternative methods of co-operation include memoranda of understanding, exchanges of letters, pacts, and police co-operation agreements, which include a readmission clause. They do not constitute standard readmission agreements. However, they are agreements with serious Read More