Back to Square One: Socioeconomic Integration of Deported Migrants (Anda M. David, International Migration Review, Vol. 51, Issue 1, 2017) This paper addresses the issue of socioeconomic integration of forced return migrants, focusing on the Maghreb countries. Starting from the hypothesis that the return has to be prepared, I tested whether a disruption in the migration cycle (such as deportation) increases the individual’s vulnerability and affects his integration from both a structural and sociocultural point of view, using the 2006 Migration de Read More
Post-Deportation Risks: People Face Insecurity and Threats After Forced Returns (Maybritt Jill Alpes & Ninna Nyberg Sørensen, Danish Institute for Policy Studies Policy Brief, November 2016) This brief takes a look at the risks migrants and rejected asylum seekers face when they’re forcibly returned to their point of origin. The text’s authors specifically argue that forced returns have become unduly criminalized and expose returnees to economic deprivation and psychosocial harm, often at the hands of predatory state agents.
Migrant Detention in the European Union: A Thriving Business; Outsourcing and privatisation of migrant detention. (MIGREUROP, 2016). What does a migrant cost per day? That question is spotlighted if migration policy is determined by cost-benefit calculations, rather than by the principle of humane treatment. Such a political approach is taken in many fields of public services, from education and transport to electricity and water. To offer every service at the lowest possible cost, the concept of privatization is always adopted Read More
Airport Casualties: Non-Admission and Return Risks at Times of Internalized/Externalized Border Controls (2015, Maybritt Jill Alpes) This article analyzes what can happen to forced returnees upon arrival in their country of nationality. Subjective configurations of state agents in the Global South have created return risks, which in turn transform subjectivities of post-colonial citizens. The article contributes to this Special Issue by tracing repercussions of the externalization and internalization of border controls. In the case of Cameroon, these connections have resulted in Read More
The case against removal: Jus noci and harm in deportation practice (Barbara Buckinx & Alexandra Filindra, Migr Stud (2015) 3 (3): 393-416) The United States removes from its territory almost 400,000 noncitizens annually—Germany removes about 50,000 people each year, France 26,000, and Canada 12,000. In this article, we focus on the impact of removal, and we argue that many individuals—often those who are best integrated in their countries of long-term residence—will suffer significant physical, psychological, economic, and social harm upon their return. Read More
Deciphering Deportation Practices Across the Global North (Weber 2014) Weber, Leanne. 2014. “Deciphering Deportation Practices Across the Global North.” In The Routledge Handbook on Crime and Migration, edited by S. Pickering and J. Ham, 1sted., 155–78. Abingdon Oxon, UK: Routledge. doi:10.4324/9780203385562.ch10. The increasing use of deportation appears to be a universal phenomenon across the Global North, driven by uncertainties arising from globalization and the ubiquity of ‘the governmentality of unease’ (Bigo 2002). However, against this broad backdrop of apparent uniformity, Read More
The Co-operation on Readmission and Enforced Return in the African-European Context (2009, Jean-Pierre Cassarino) Despite the reluctance of most African countries to enter into standard readmission agreements, alternative methods of bilateral co-operation with European countries on enforced return have gained momentum over the last decade. These alternative methods of co-operation include memoranda of understanding, exchanges of letters, pacts, and police co-operation agreements, which include a readmission clause. They do not constitute standard readmission agreements. However, they are agreements with serious Read More