Back to Square One: Socioeconomic Integration of Deported Migrants

Back to Square One: Socioeconomic Integration of Deported Migrants (Anda M. David, International Migration Review, Vol. 51, Issue 1, 2017) This paper addresses the issue of socioeconomic integration of forced return migrants, focusing on the Maghreb countries. Starting from the hypothesis that the return has to be prepared, I tested whether a disruption in the migration cycle (such as deportation) increases the individual’s vulnerability and affects his integration from both a structural and sociocultural point of view, using the 2006 Migration de Read More

Migration Italy and Germany Step Up Measures to Deter Asylum Seekers

 Migration Italy and Germany Step Up Measures to Deter Asylum Seekers (IRIN News, Jan. 13, 2017) Those who thought Europe’s refugee “crisis” was over were reminded this week that tens of thousands of refugees remain stranded in Greece and the Balkans. Images of refugee tents shrouded in snow on the Greek islands have sparked outrage about the lack of adequate shelter, and scorn has been poured on the Greek government for keeping refugees in such miserable conditions. But others have Read More

Migrant Detention in the European Union: A Thriving Business

Migrant Detention in the European Union: A Thriving Business; Outsourcing and privatisation of migrant detention. (MIGREUROP, 2016). What does a migrant cost per day? That question is spotlighted if migration policy is determined by cost-benefit calculations, rather than by the principle of humane treatment. Such a political approach is taken in many fields of public services, from education and transport to electricity and water. To offer every service at the lowest possible cost, the concept of privatization is always adopted Read More

Deciphering Deportation Practices Across the Global North

Deciphering Deportation Practices Across the Global North (Weber 2014) Weber, Leanne. 2014. “Deciphering Deportation Practices Across the Global North.” In The Routledge Handbook on Crime and Migration, edited by S. Pickering and J. Ham, 1sted., 155–78. Abingdon Oxon, UK: Routledge. doi:10.4324/9780203385562.ch10. The increasing use of deportation appears to be a universal phenomenon across the Global North, driven by uncertainties arising from globalization and the ubiquity of ‘the governmentality of unease’ (Bigo 2002). However, against this broad backdrop of apparent uniformity, Read More

Pushed Back, Pushed Around: Italy’s Forced Return of Boat Migrants and Asylum Seekers, Libya’s Mistreatment of Migrants and Asylum Seekers

Pushed Back, Pushed Around: Italy’s Forced Return of Boat Migrants and Asylum Seekers, Libya’s Mistreatment of Migrants and Asylum Seekers (Human Rights Watch, 2009) This report examines the treatment of migrants, asylum seekers, and refugees in Libya through the eyes of those who have left that country and are now in Italy and Malta. These people, unlike their counterparts who are still in Libya, are free to talk about their experiences without fear of retribution. The report has two purposes. Read More

The Co-operation on Readmission and Enforced Return in the African-European Context

The Co-operation on Readmission and Enforced Return in the African-European Context (2009, Jean-Pierre Cassarino) Despite the reluctance of most African countries to enter into standard readmission agreements, alternative methods of bilateral co-operation with European countries on enforced return have gained momentum over the last decade. These alternative methods of co-operation include memoranda of understanding, exchanges of letters, pacts, and police co-operation agreements, which include a readmission clause. They do not constitute standard readmission agreements. However, they are agreements with serious Read More