Crossing Borders and Criminalizing Identity: The Disintegrated Subjects of Administrative Sanctions

Crossing Borders and Criminalizing Identity: The Disintegrated Subjects of Administrative Sanctions. (Keramet Reiter and Susan Bibler Coutin, Law and Society Review, 51 (567). 2017) This paper draws on in-depth, qualitative interviews that examine individual experiences in two different legal contexts: deportation regimes and supermax prisons. Through putting these contexts and experiences into dialogue, we identify common legal processes of punishment experiences across both contexts. Specifically, the U.S. legal system re-labels immigrants (as deportable noncitizens) and supermax prisoners (as dangerous gang offenders). This Read More

Regulating the Human Supply Chain

Regulating the Human Supply Chain (Gordan 2017) Gordon, Jennifer. 2017. “Regulating the Human Supply Chain.” Iowa Law Review 102 (2): 445+. https://ilr.law.uiowa.edu/print/volume-102-issue-2/regulating-the-human-supply-chain/. Legal scholarship has failed to take note of the increasing impact of recruitment intermediaries on the rule of law in the United States, and on the regulation of employment in U.S. low-wage labor markets in particular.  This Article fills that gap for forming a novel conceptual framing of migrant recruitment as a “human supply chain.”  It builds on this Read More

Programa Frontera Sur: The Mexican Government’s Faulty Immigration Policy

Programa Frontera Sur: The Mexican Government’s Faulty Immigration Policy (Castillo 2016) Castillo, Alejandra. 2016. “Programa Frontera Sur: The Mexican Government’s Faulty Immigration Policy.” U.S. public and media attention on the issue of immigration has remained almost completely focused on the northern Mexican border and fine points of U.S. immigration policy. In contrast, Mexico’s “other” border—the southern border—has fallen in the shadow of media coverage even as it has become the primary transit route for Central American migrants fleeing escalating violence Read More

Home Sweet Home? Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador’s Role in a Deepening Refugee Crisis

Home Sweet Home? Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador’s Role in a Deepening Refugee Crisis (2016, Amnesty International) As violence has worsened and poverty and inequality remain prevalent, the Central American governments of Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador, also known as the Northern Triangle, are doubly failing to protect their citizens: socioeconomic conditions remain poor and an increasingly violent environment permeates every corner of their countries, which causes people to flee in record numbers, but governments are failing to provide protection Read More

Migración en Tránsito por México: Rostro de una Crisis Humanitaria Internacional

Migración en Tránsito por México: Rostro de una Crisis Humanitaria Internacional (2016, Red de Documentación de Organizaciones Defensoras de Migrantes (REDODEM)) El fenómeno de la movilidad humana sigue siendo uno de los rasgos distintivos de las dinámicas globales. Si bien esto es parte de una dinámica prácticamente generalizada en el mundo, aquí nos referimos a aquellas migraciones que son fruto de la prevalencia de la desigualdad en diferentes regiones del planeta. Aquellas que por acción u omisión de los Estados Read More

Detained, Deceived, and Deported: Experiences of Recently Deported Central American Families

Detained, Deceived, and Deported: Experiences of Recently Deported Central American Families (Guillermo Cantor and Tory Johnson, American Immigration Council, 2016) Over the last few years, the escalation of violence in Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala (collectively known as the Northern Triangle of Central America) has reached dramatic levels. thousands of women and their children have fled and arrived in the United states with the hope of finding protection. But for many of them, their attempts to escape merely resulted in Read More

El Contexto Regional del Desplazamiento y la Migración Forzada en Centroamérica, México y Estados Unidos

El Contexto Regional del Desplazamiento y la Migración Forzada en Centroamérica, México y Estados Unidos (2016, Consejeria en Proyectos para Refugiados Latinoamericanos / Project Counselling Service-PCS) La movilidad humana en los países de Centroamérica y México en su tránsito hacia los Estados Unidos engloba una serie de problemáticas y desafíos para la garantía de los derechos humanos que deben ser entendidos en clave regional y transnacional. El constante e incesante flujo migratorio mixto es una expresión de la crisis humanitaria Read More

Authorized and Unauthorized Immigrant Parents: The Impact of Legal Vulnerability on Family Contexts

Authorized and Unauthorized Immigrant Parents: The Impact of Legal Vulnerability on Family Contexts (Kalina Brabeck, Erin Sibley, & M. Brinton Lykes, Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Science, 2016). This study explores the social-ecological contexts of unauthorized immigrant families and their U.S.-born children, through examining how otherwise similarly low-income, urban, Latino immigrant families differ on the basis of the parents’ legal status and interactions with the immigration system. Drawing on social-ecological theory, variations based on parents’ legal vulnerability among exosystem-level experiences (e.g., Read More

Stopping the Revolving Door: Reception and Reintegration Services for Central American Deportees

Stopping the Revolving Door: Reception and Reintegration Services for Central American Deportees (Victoria Rietig & Rodrigo Dominguez Villegas, Migration Policy Institute, 2016) In the past five years, hundreds of thousands of Central American migrants deported from Mexico and the United States—including tens of thousands of children—have arrived back in the Northern Triangle countries of El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras. For many deportees, the conditions upon arrival are worse than those that compelled them to leave in the first place. They and their Read More

Deportación y Salud Mental en Migrantes Centroamericanos

Deportación y Salud Mental en Migrantes Centroamericanos (2015, Ietza Bojorquez) La deportación de migrantes centroamericanos en Estados Unidos afecta la salud mental tanto de quienes son repatriados, como de sus familias y comunidades. Aquéllos que son devueltos tras haber vivido largo tiempo en Estados Unidos dejan atrás familiares y amigos, y deben readaptarse a una sociedad con la que han perdido contacto. Los que son detenidos poco tiempo después de cruzar la frontera, en cambio, pueden experimentar sensación de fracaso Read More

Migrants Deported from the United States and Mexico to the Northern Triangle: A Statistical and Socioeconomic Profile

Migrants Deported from the United States and Mexico to the Northern Triangle: A Statistical and Socioeconomic Profile (2015, Rodrigo Dominguez Villegas & Victoria Rietig) The United States and Mexico have apprehended nearly 1 million Salvadoran, Guatemalan, and Honduran migrants since 2010, deporting more than 800,000 of them, including more than 40,000 children. While the United States led in pace and number of apprehensions of Central Americans in 2010-2014, Mexico pulled ahead in 2015. Amid increasingly muscular enforcement by Mexico, U.S. Read More

Mexico’s Southern Border Plan: More Deportations and Widespread Human Rights Violations

Mexico’s Southern Border Plan: More Deportations and Widespread Human Rights Violations (Boggs 2015) Boggs, Clay. 2015. “Mexico’s Southern Border Plan: More Deportations and Widespread Human Rights Violations.” WOLA. https://www.wola.org/analysis/mexicos-southern-border-plan-more-deportations-and-widespread-human-rights-violations/. Mexico’s Southern Border Plan (Programa Frontera Sur) was announced on July 7, 2014. Its stated objective is to bring order to migration in Mexico’s southern region while protecting the human rights of migrants who enter and travel through the country. The plan has coincided with a sharp increase in deportations from Mexico: according Read More

Deporting Social Capital: Implications for immigrant communities in the United States

Deporting Social Capital: Implications for immigrant communities in the United States (Jacqueline Hagan, David Leal & Nestor Rodriguez, Migr Stud (2015) 3 (3): 370-392) The United States currently removes approximately 400,000 individual migrants each year, which represents close to an eightfold increase since the mid-1990s. While scholars have studied the consequences of such policies for children and families, this article posits broader effects on communities through the reduction of immigrant social and human capital. Using findings from three studies of immigrant communities and Read More

Causas e impactos de la deportación de migrantes centroamericanos de Estados Unidos a México

Causas e impactos de la deportación de migrantes centroamericanos de Estados Unidos a México (Simón Pedro Izcara Palacios y Karla Lorena Andrade Rubio, 2014). Durante la última década el número de migrantes expulsados con una orden de deportación de Estados Unidos a México casi se ha duplicado. No todos los migrantes deportados a México tienen nacionalidad mexicana, algunos son ciudadanos de países centroamericanos. Este artículo, fundamentado en una metodología cualitativa que incluye entrevistas en profundidad a 75 migrantes centroamericanos que Read More

Deporting Fathers: Involuntary Transnational Families and Intent to Remigrate among Salvadoran Deportees

Deporting Fathers: Involuntary Transnational Families and Intent to Remigrate among Salvadoran Deportees (Jodi Berger Cardoso, Erin Randle Hamilton, Nestor Rodriguez, Karl Eschbach, Jacqueline Hagan, International Migration Review, 2016; Volume 50, Issue 1) One-fourth of deportees from the United States are parents of US-citizen children. We do not know how separation from families affects remigration among deportees, who face high penalties given unlawful reentry. We examined how family separation affects intent to remigrate among Salvadoran deportees. The majority of deportees with children Read More

The Merry-Go-Round of Youth Gangs: The Failure of the U.S. Immigration Removal Policy and the False Outsourcing of Crime

The Merry-Go-Round of Youth Gangs: The Failure of the U.S. Immigration Removal Policy and the False Outsourcing of Crime (2011, Jonah M. Temple) The United States’ policy of deporting noncitizen criminals to their countries of origin is fueling a proliferation of gang membership both in Central America and in the United States. Deportation does not deter gang activity but instead helps to facilitate the transnational movement of youth gangs. Rather than continue this failed approach, this Comment proposes that the Read More

The Effects of U.S. Deportation Policies on Immigrant Families and Communities: Cross-Border Perspectives

The Effects of U.S. Deportation Policies on Immigrant Families and Communities: Cross-Border Perspectives (2010, Jacqueline Hagan, Brianna Castro, and Nestor Rodriguez) Since the mid-1990s, the United States has enacted a series of laws that makes it easier to arrest, detain, and deport noncitizens. These laws, which have been highly criticized for the devastation they have brought to immigrant families, represent an abrupt departure from post–World War II immigration policies, which provided increasing rights to immigrants and their families. In this Read More

The Immigration-Crime Nexus and Post-Deportation Experiences: En/Countering Stereotypes in Southern California and El Salvador

The Immigration-Crime Nexus and Post-Deportation Experiences: En/Countering Stereotypes in Southern California and El Salvador (2010, M. Kathleen Dingeman & Ruben G. Rumbaut) Historically, periods of accelerating immigration have been accompanied by nativist alarms, perceptions of threat, and pervasive stereotypes of the newcomers, particularly during economic downturns or national crises, and when immigrants have arrived en masse and differed from the native born in language, race, religion, and national origin. Stereotypes about immigrants and crime not only take root in public Read More

Removal of Central American Gang Members: How Immigration Laws Fail To Reflect Global Reality

Removal of Central American Gang Members: How Immigration Laws Fail To Reflect Global Reality (Freddy Funes, 63 U. Miami L. Rev. 301 (2008)) Central American gangs have created numerous difficulties for Central American nations. Some of the violence and tactics learned by these gangs came from the United States, via its new immigration policies. This article explains the faults of the current removal policy and offers solutions to mitigate the growing violence in Central America. Part II discusses the United States’ Read More

Preliminary Report: Deportation of Salvadorans who Immigrated to the U.S. as Children

Preliminary Report: Deportation of Salvadorans who Immigrated to the U.S. as Children (2008, Susan Bibler Coutin) This report presents preliminary results of research designed to understand the experiences of Salvadorans who immigrated to the United States as children and who subsequently were deported to the United States as adults. Individuals who immigrate as children are known as 1.5 generation migrants, and are of particular interest because their ties to their country of birth may be attenuated, and yet they may Read More

What is a “Sanctuary”?

What is a “Sanctuary”? (Rose Cuison Villazor, 61 SMU L. Rev. 133 (2008)) The word sanctuary has recently received significant attention in the political arena and is likely to receive further examination as calls for stricter enforcement of immigration law continue. But what precisely is a sanctuary, particularly in the context of today’s immigration issues? In this symposium Article, I initiate possible approaches to developing an answer. First, I argue that a starting point for defining the contemporary meaning of Read More

Post-Deportation Human Rights Law: Aspiration, Oxymoron, or Necessity?

Post-Deportation Human Rights Law: Aspiration, Oxymoron, or Necessity? (Daniel Kanstroom, 3 Stan. J.C.R. & C.L. 195 (2007)) Deportation is a major law enforcement system that looms over the tens of millions of non-citizens who live, study, and work in this country. Since harsh changes to the system were implemented in 1996, millions of non-citizens have been ordered to leave. Tens of thousands are barred by law from ever returning. Those who might have a legal path of return face an arcane system Read More

American Diaspora: The Deportation of Lawful Permanent Residents from the United States and the Destruction of their Families

American Diaspora: The Deportation of Lawful Permanent Residents from the United States and the Destruction of their Families (Bryan Lonegan, 32 N.Y.U. Rev. L. & Soc. Change 55 (2007)) This article discusses deportation of lawful permanent residents and the effects these deportations have on families. The focus of this article is on lawful permanent residents faced with deportation because of criminal convictions, and the effect of deportation on their families. It emphasizes the utter lack of rationality, compassion, and flexibility in Read More

Assessing the Collateral International Consequences of the U.S.’ Removal Policy

Assessing the Collateral International Consequences of the U.S.’ Removal Policy (Tara Pinkham, 12 Buff. Hum. Rts. L. Rev. 223 (2006)). Since the passage of the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act (AEDPA) and the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRIRA) in 1996, the number of aliens who may be removed from the United States (U.S.) without relief has greatly increased. These two acts enlarged “the class of aliens subject to deportation by increasing the number of offenses that could constitute aggravated Read More