Understanding Secondary Immigration Enforcement: Immigrant Youth and Family Separation in a Border County

Understanding Secondary Immigration Enforcement: Immigrant Youth and Family Separation in a Border County (Nina Rabin, Journal of Law and Education, 47 (1), 2018). In debates over immigration reform, young people in immigrant families are often characterized as a distinct population, with claims and interests entirely separate from those of their parents. Bifurcating the undocumented population between children and parents over-simplifies how immigration enforcement impacts families. This article challenges the dichotomy between children and parents by studying how young people, regardless of Read More

Foreign Farmworkers in Canada Fear Deportation If They Complain

Foreign Farmworkers in Canada Fear Deportation If They Complain  (Levin 2017) Levin, Dan. 2017. “Foreign Farmworkers in Canada Fear Deportation If They Complain.” The New York Times, August 13. Migrant farmworkers in Canada are often exploited and do not report complaints out of fear of being deported.  Canada’s seasonal agriculture worker program was set up to recruit migrants from Mexico and 11 Caribbean nations to work for up to eight months a year to address chronic labor shortages, but critics Read More

Regulating the Human Supply Chain

Regulating the Human Supply Chain (Gordan 2017) Gordon, Jennifer. 2017. “Regulating the Human Supply Chain.” Iowa Law Review 102 (2): 445+. https://ilr.law.uiowa.edu/print/volume-102-issue-2/regulating-the-human-supply-chain/. Legal scholarship has failed to take note of the increasing impact of recruitment intermediaries on the rule of law in the United States, and on the regulation of employment in U.S. low-wage labor markets in particular.  This Article fills that gap for forming a novel conceptual framing of migrant recruitment as a “human supply chain.”  It builds on this Read More

Deported with No Possessions

Deported with No Possessions: The Mishandling of Migrants’ Personal Belongings by CBP and ICE (Walter Ewing and Guillermo Cantor, American Immigration Council, 2016) U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) have a serious and longstanding problem with handling the personal belongings of detained migrants in their custody. Too often, some or all of a detainee’s belongings are lost, destroyed, or stolen by the immigration-enforcement agents entrusted with their care. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Read More

Migration and Belonging: Narratives from a Highland Town

Migration and Belonging: Narratives from a Highland Town (collection of blog posts, introduction by Lauren Heidbrink, 2016) Youth Circulations is honored to showcase the important contributions of Guatemalan scholars in a new multilingual series entitled “Migration and Belonging: Narratives from a Highland Town.” This 7-part series emerges from a longitudinal study on the deportation and social reintegration of youth in Guatemala and Southern Mexico. With generous funding from the National Science Foundation, an interdisciplinary team conducted ethnographic and survey research Read More

Programa Frontera Sur: The Mexican Government’s Faulty Immigration Policy

Programa Frontera Sur: The Mexican Government’s Faulty Immigration Policy (Castillo 2016) Castillo, Alejandra. 2016. “Programa Frontera Sur: The Mexican Government’s Faulty Immigration Policy.” U.S. public and media attention on the issue of immigration has remained almost completely focused on the northern Mexican border and fine points of U.S. immigration policy. In contrast, Mexico’s “other” border—the southern border—has fallen in the shadow of media coverage even as it has become the primary transit route for Central American migrants fleeing escalating violence Read More

Estadísticas Migratorias, Síntesis 2016

Estadísticas Migratorias, Síntesis 2016 (Secretaría de Gobernación – Estados Unidos de México) La creciente movilidad de personas a nivel mundial demanda la conformación de estadísticas sistematizadas, den cuenta de los distintos ujos de personas que arriban a México y parten de él por diversos motivos y en diferentes condiciones migratorias, así como de los que deciden establecerse en el país. Con base en los registros administrativos generados en los diversos puntos de internación, ocinas y estaciones migratorias de las delegaciones Read More

Traumatic Events and Symptoms Among Mexican Deportees in a Border Community

Traumatic Events and Symptoms Among Mexican Deportees in a Border Community (Juan M. Peña, et. al, 2016, Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies, Vol. 15, No. 1, 2017) Research on traumatic events experienced among Mexicans deported from the United States is scant. Using clinical interviews, this study assessed the frequency of traumatic events and symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among 47 Mexican deportees in a U.S.-Mexico border community. The majority of participants (98%) reported having experienced one or more Read More

Migración en Tránsito por México: Rostro de una Crisis Humanitaria Internacional

Migración en Tránsito por México: Rostro de una Crisis Humanitaria Internacional (2016, Red de Documentación de Organizaciones Defensoras de Migrantes (REDODEM)) El fenómeno de la movilidad humana sigue siendo uno de los rasgos distintivos de las dinámicas globales. Si bien esto es parte de una dinámica prácticamente generalizada en el mundo, aquí nos referimos a aquellas migraciones que son fruto de la prevalencia de la desigualdad en diferentes regiones del planeta. Aquellas que por acción u omisión de los Estados Read More

El Contexto Regional del Desplazamiento y la Migración Forzada en Centroamérica, México y Estados Unidos

El Contexto Regional del Desplazamiento y la Migración Forzada en Centroamérica, México y Estados Unidos (2016, Consejeria en Proyectos para Refugiados Latinoamericanos / Project Counselling Service-PCS) La movilidad humana en los países de Centroamérica y México en su tránsito hacia los Estados Unidos engloba una serie de problemáticas y desafíos para la garantía de los derechos humanos que deben ser entendidos en clave regional y transnacional. El constante e incesante flujo migratorio mixto es una expresión de la crisis humanitaria Read More

Desert, detention, and deportation: Mexican women’s descriptions of migration stressors and sources of strength

Desert, detention, and deportation: Mexican women’s descriptions of migration stressors and sources of strength (Ruth Ann Belknap, Health Care for Women International, 37 (9), 2016) I analyzed interviews ( n = 10) of women recently deported from the United States of America to Mexico, exploring what women experienced immediately after deportation. The women who were residing in a short-term shelter in Nogales, Mexico, described their greatest stressors and sources of strength. Women identified the border crossing experience, apprehension, detention, and family Read More

Mexico’s Recent Immigration Enforcement Efforts

Mexico’s Recent Immigration Enforcement Efforts (CRS 2016) “Mexico’s Recent Immigration Enforcement Efforts”. 2016. CRS Report US Assistance Mexico Southern Border Plan March 2016. Congressional Research Service. https://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2842650-CRS-Report-US-Assistance-Mexico-Southern-Border.html This report focuses on the execution of Mexico’s Southern Border Plan.  While US President Barack Obama and some members of Congress support this effort, human rights and humanitarian agencies have been critical.  Mexico received around $20 million in US assistance to support its Southern Border.

Reducing the Deportation’s Harm by Expanding Constitutional Protections to Functional Americans

Reducing the Deportation’s Harm by Expanding Constitutional Protections to Functional Americans (Beth Caldwell, 37 Whittier L. Rev. 355, 2016) This paper draws upon primary research conducted with deportees in Mexico to highlight the need to extend constitutional protections to deportation proceedings. Deportation is particularly cruel for those who have become integrated into American society. People are permanently separated from their spouses and children, and from the only country that they have ever considered to be their home. This experience often triggers Read More

Authorized and Unauthorized Immigrant Parents: The Impact of Legal Vulnerability on Family Contexts

Authorized and Unauthorized Immigrant Parents: The Impact of Legal Vulnerability on Family Contexts (Kalina Brabeck, Erin Sibley, & M. Brinton Lykes, Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Science, 2016). This study explores the social-ecological contexts of unauthorized immigrant families and their U.S.-born children, through examining how otherwise similarly low-income, urban, Latino immigrant families differ on the basis of the parents’ legal status and interactions with the immigration system. Drawing on social-ecological theory, variations based on parents’ legal vulnerability among exosystem-level experiences (e.g., Read More

Deportación y Salud Mental en Migrantes Centroamericanos

Deportación y Salud Mental en Migrantes Centroamericanos (2015, Ietza Bojorquez) La deportación de migrantes centroamericanos en Estados Unidos afecta la salud mental tanto de quienes son repatriados, como de sus familias y comunidades. Aquéllos que son devueltos tras haber vivido largo tiempo en Estados Unidos dejan atrás familiares y amigos, y deben readaptarse a una sociedad con la que han perdido contacto. Los que son detenidos poco tiempo después de cruzar la frontera, en cambio, pueden experimentar sensación de fracaso Read More

Migrants Deported from the United States and Mexico to the Northern Triangle: A Statistical and Socioeconomic Profile

Migrants Deported from the United States and Mexico to the Northern Triangle: A Statistical and Socioeconomic Profile (2015, Rodrigo Dominguez Villegas & Victoria Rietig) The United States and Mexico have apprehended nearly 1 million Salvadoran, Guatemalan, and Honduran migrants since 2010, deporting more than 800,000 of them, including more than 40,000 children. While the United States led in pace and number of apprehensions of Central Americans in 2010-2014, Mexico pulled ahead in 2015. Amid increasingly muscular enforcement by Mexico, U.S. Read More

Deportations as Theaters of Inequality

Deportations as Theaters of Inequality (Amy Reed-Sandoval, Public Affairs Quarterly, Vol. 29, No. 2, April 2015) In this paper, I argue that deportations often serve as “theaters of inequality” that reinforce the unjust, widely held perception that Latina/os and Latin Americans do not belong in the united States and can therefore be treated as inferiors. My analysis focuses on the United States but is intended to be applicable to other states and contexts. Working within a relational egalitarian framework, I Read More

Mexico’s Southern Border Plan: More Deportations and Widespread Human Rights Violations

Mexico’s Southern Border Plan: More Deportations and Widespread Human Rights Violations (Boggs 2015) Boggs, Clay. 2015. “Mexico’s Southern Border Plan: More Deportations and Widespread Human Rights Violations.” WOLA. https://www.wola.org/analysis/mexicos-southern-border-plan-more-deportations-and-widespread-human-rights-violations/. Mexico’s Southern Border Plan (Programa Frontera Sur) was announced on July 7, 2014. Its stated objective is to bring order to migration in Mexico’s southern region while protecting the human rights of migrants who enter and travel through the country. The plan has coincided with a sharp increase in deportations from Mexico: according Read More

Deporting Social Capital: Implications for immigrant communities in the United States

Deporting Social Capital: Implications for immigrant communities in the United States (Jacqueline Hagan, David Leal & Nestor Rodriguez, Migr Stud (2015) 3 (3): 370-392) The United States currently removes approximately 400,000 individual migrants each year, which represents close to an eightfold increase since the mid-1990s. While scholars have studied the consequences of such policies for children and families, this article posits broader effects on communities through the reduction of immigrant social and human capital. Using findings from three studies of immigrant communities and Read More

Mexican migrants and the rise of the deportation regime, 1942-2014

Mexican migrants and the rise of the deportation regime, 1942-2014 (Goodman 2015) Goodman, Adam. 2015. “Mexican Migrants and the Rise of the Deportation Regime, 1942-2014.” University of Pennsylvania. http://repository.upenn.edu/edissertations. This dissertation traces the rise of the deportation regime in the United States from 1942 to the present. It reveals that the origins of the regime are inextricably intertwined with the history of Mexican migration. It uses a diverse array of English- and Spanish-language archival sources from the United States and Read More

Causas e impactos de la deportación de migrantes centroamericanos de Estados Unidos a México

Causas e impactos de la deportación de migrantes centroamericanos de Estados Unidos a México (Simón Pedro Izcara Palacios y Karla Lorena Andrade Rubio, 2014). Durante la última década el número de migrantes expulsados con una orden de deportación de Estados Unidos a México casi se ha duplicado. No todos los migrantes deportados a México tienen nacionalidad mexicana, algunos son ciudadanos de países centroamericanos. Este artículo, fundamentado en una metodología cualitativa que incluye entrevistas en profundidad a 75 migrantes centroamericanos que Read More

Turning Migrants into Criminals: The Harmful Impact of US Border Prosecutions

Turning Migrants into Criminals:  The Harmful Impact of US Border Prosecutions (Human Rights Watch 2013) Human Rights Watch. “Turning Migrants into Criminals: The Harmful Impact of US Border Prosecutions.” 2013. https://www.hrw.org/report/2013/05/22/turning-migrants-criminals/harmful-impact-us-border-prosecutions. Illegal entry and presence in the United States without authorization violate US civil immigration law and are punishable by removal from the country and other civil law penalties. The act of entering the United States without authorization (illegal entry) and the act of reentering after deportation (illegal reentry) are Read More

Post-Deportation Health: A Humanitarian Assessment

Post-Deportation Health: A Humanitarian Assessment (No More Deaths, 2012) Objective: This report explores the health impact of US repatriations on people returned to northern Mexico through interviews with adults in the border town of Nogales. The objective of the humanitarian assessment was to describe the perceptions of post-deportation health and the variables linked to higher risk or distress for deported men and women. Background: Nogales, Sonora, Mexico is a small city abutting the international boundary and adjacent to Nogales, Arizona. Read More

Unintended and Unavoidable: The Failure to Protect Rule and Its Consequences for Undocumented Parents and their Children

Unintended and Unavoidable: The Failure to Protect Rule and Its Consequences for Undocumented Parents and their Children (Sarah Hill Rogerson, 2012) Parents without immigration status in the United States regularly face the threat of deportation and separation from their children. When an undocumented parent is brought to the attention of law enforcement through the child welfare system, they also face the potential of the loss of legal custodial rights to their children. The child welfare system and immigration enforcement mechanisms Read More

Disappearing Parents: Immigration Enforcement and the Child Welfare System

Disappearing Parents: Immigration Enforcement and the Child Welfare System (Nina Rabin, 2011) This Article presents original empirical research that documents systemic failures of the federal immigration enforcement and state child welfare systems when immigrant parents in detention and deportation proceedings have children in state custody. The intertwined but uncoordinated workings of the federal and state systems result in severe family disruptions and raise concerns regarding parental rights of constitutional magnitude. This Article documents this phenomenon in two ways. First, it Read More

The Merry-Go-Round of Youth Gangs: The Failure of the U.S. Immigration Removal Policy and the False Outsourcing of Crime

The Merry-Go-Round of Youth Gangs: The Failure of the U.S. Immigration Removal Policy and the False Outsourcing of Crime (2011, Jonah M. Temple) The United States’ policy of deporting noncitizen criminals to their countries of origin is fueling a proliferation of gang membership both in Central America and in the United States. Deportation does not deter gang activity but instead helps to facilitate the transnational movement of youth gangs. Rather than continue this failed approach, this Comment proposes that the Read More

What is a “Sanctuary”?

What is a “Sanctuary”? (Rose Cuison Villazor, 61 SMU L. Rev. 133 (2008)) The word sanctuary has recently received significant attention in the political arena and is likely to receive further examination as calls for stricter enforcement of immigration law continue. But what precisely is a sanctuary, particularly in the context of today’s immigration issues? In this symposium Article, I initiate possible approaches to developing an answer. First, I argue that a starting point for defining the contemporary meaning of Read More